You can use following Linux commands to help monitoring your Linux system performance, gather some statistics and view resource usage history.
1. Monitor connections with ss command
ss is preinstalled on all Linux server and VPS distributions we provide. Its purpose is to replace good old netstat
Show established TCP connections
Show established UDP connections
Show ports listening for TCP connections
Show ports listening to UDP connection
Show ports listening on TCP and UDP
2. Gathering Linux OS statistics
To gather Linux system statistics you can use sysstat. This tool must be installed first.
(Debian: apt-get install sysstat , CentOS/Fedora: yum install sysstat):
sudo apt-get install sysstat yum install sysstat
This will make several tools available, for example sar and mpstat
Lets gather some basic information for interval of 20 seconds:
vmstat 1 20
You can use vmstat to gather basic disk usage information
vmstat -d 1 20
Other useful tool for gathering disk usage information is iostat
iostat 1 20
You can narrow down monitoring to specific device. For example sda
ipstat -d -p sda 1 20
3. Historical resource usage
SAR or system activity report can look back in time and see how system was performing. In order to enable SAR, you must have running cron job service to gather stats. Also sysstat package must be already installed.
ENABLED="true" service sysstat restart
By default it will collect stats every 10 min and use cron job /etc/cron.d/sysstat. This time span can be changed.
How to use SAR to view CPU stats:
How to use SAR to view memory stats:
To check IO stats of your server use: